UNESCO World Heritage Site (KATHMANDU VALLEY)
Heritage is our legacy from our past to what we are today which will be passing on to generation over generation. Our cultural and natural heritage resembles the Nation Identity. Nepal is residence of 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including 7 inside Kathmandu Valley.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Also known as Hanuman Dhoka Square /Basantpur square. The Durbar Square, with its old temples, palaces, exemplifies the religious and cultural living of the people. A rambling palace complex with temple -filled square, adjacent to it. Located at the heart of ancient city in Kathmandu it is surrounding both Hindu and Buddhist temple. Most of them are built in the pagoda style embellished with intricately carved exteriors as well as most of the structures we see here from 15th to 18th centuries. The Durbar square, with its old temple, palaces .symbolize the religious and cultural life of the people. The Interesting things to see here are “KUMARI” LIVING GODDESS.
All the carving and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine which make the architecture in this Kathmandu Durbar Square among the most important sights for travelers to see.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan , the oldest of all the three cities of Kathmandu Valley. It is the best known for its artistic heritage. The city is surrounded by 4Stupas as 4 corners of Patan, one at each corner if its cardinal points. Patan Durbar square is full of Hindu Temples and Buddhist monuments with bronze gateways, guardian details and wonderful carving and many visitors come here to see these monuments. The square is full of ancient places, temples and shrines noted for their exquisite carving. The former royal palace complex is the centre of Patan’s religious and social life and houses a museum containing an array of bronze statues and religious object.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur literally translates to place of Devotees. It is an ancient Newar Tribe City in the east corner of Kathmandu Valley. In other words it is also known as the museum of medieval art and architecture with spectacular wooden and stone carving. The square is one of the most charming architecture showpieces of the valley as it highlites the ancient art of Nepal. The golden effigies of king perched on the top of stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from their sanctuaries, the wood carving gateways and windows-all seems to form a defined symphony. Pottery and weaving are its major traditional industries.55 window Palace is the major attraction together with Golden Gate dominating the entire durbar square. This Master Piece was built on 15th Century. Nyatapola Temple, most famous 5 storey’s Pagoda made up of with symbolic representation of 5 elements, Here Goddess sidhiLaxmi is worshiped as supreme of Power and Success.
Boudhanath is the center of Tibetan culture in Kathmandu and rich in Buddhist symbolism. This stupa is on the ancient trade route from Tibet which enters the Kathmandu Valley. The Boudhanath Stupa dominates the Skyline; it is of the largest Dome Stupa in the World which was Built around 14th Century. Today it remains as important place of Pilgrimage and meditation for the Tibetan Buddhist and other nationalities including Nepali. Bouhanath looks like a giant diagram of the Buddhist Cosmos.
Swayambhunath or in local word Monkey Temple is an ancient religious complex atop a hill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu City. It is one of the most sacred Buddhist sties in Nepal. It is the most ancient and enigmatic of all the holy shrines in Kathmandu Valley.
Its patronizing white dome and glittering golden spire are visible for many miles and from all sides of the valley. Historical records found on a stone inscription give evidence that the stupa was already an important Buddhist pilgrimage destination by the 5th century AD. Swayambhu, meaning ‘Self-Created or Self-Existent’. There is Myth about formation of SwayambhuNath, once used to be Lotus. Manjushri flew across the mountains of China and Tibet to worship the lotus. Deeply impressed by the power of the radiant light, Manjushri felt that if the water were drained out of the lake Swayambhu would become more easily accessible to human pilgrims. With a great sword Manjushri cut a gorge in the mountains surrounding the lake. The water, draining away, left the valley of present day Kathmandu. The lotus was then transformed into a hill and the light became the Swayabhunath Stupa
The Hilltop temple of ChanguNarayan, located 4 kilometers north of Bhaktapur, is the oldest Hindu shrine in Kathmandu Valley founded early as 325 A.D It is one of Nepal’s most beautiful and historically important structure. It remains a milestone in Nepal Temple architecture with rich embossed works. The two-storey temple has many intricate carving of the ten incarnations of Hindu God Vishnu and different multi -armed Trantic Goddess. We can find 4th and 9thcenturies stones woods and metal carving in the courtyard surrounding the main temple. ChanguNarayan Temple is also described as typical, traditional Nepali Style temple built by Nawar tribe.
Dedicated to lord Shiva, PashupatiNath is one of the Hindu Biggest religious sites in Asia for the devotees to Lord Shiva. Built in 3rd Century built by Somadeva Dynasty, the site itself is said to have existed from the beginning of the millennium when a Shiva Lingam was discovered here. The area of PashupatiNath encompasses 264 hectares of land including 518 temples and monuments. It is next home for Saint and Sadhus who practices a “Sadhana” meditation and keenly pursue the path of spiritual disciple. A cremation on the bank of river is yet another ritual activity we can observe. Lord of destruction, and on his sites we can fell the spiritual tranquility and know the spiritual part of learning of life and death